eSocial permitirá que Governo Federal intensifique fiscalizações

eSocial permitirá que Governo Federal intensifique fiscalizações

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Em palestra promovida pela Fecomércio, Helio Donin Jr. afirmou que Ministério do Trabalho e Previdência Social (MTPS) só tem capacidade para fiscalizar 3% das empresas

Unificar as informações e cruzar a base de dados para poder identificar possíveis irregularidades e atuar com a fiscalização é um dos objetivos do Governo Federal com a implementação do eSocial. Foi o que afirmou Helio Donin Jr., durante a palestra “eSocial: chegou a hora e não tem volta”, promovida pela Federação do Comércio de Bens, Serviços e Turismo do Estado de Alagoas (Fecomércio AL), na terça-feira (24), no auditório do Senac Poço.

O objetivo da palestra foi apresentar uma visão geral sobre esse sistema de transmissão eletrônica para que, quando passar a ser obrigatório em 2018, os profissionais da área saibam o que irão precisar para utilizar o programa. Como a procura pelo evento foi grande, a Fecomércio realizou na manhã desta quarta-feira (25), uma sessão extra do evento, possibilitando que os interessados que estavam na lista espera pudessem participar.

O eSocial faz parte do Sped Fiscal e abrange toda a relação trabalhista existente entre a empresa e a mão de obra contratada, com ou sem vínculo empregatício; daí a importância das empresas se estruturarem para o início de sua vigência. “Diferente do que era antigamente, quando nós entregávamos obrigações assessórias e estas eram direcionadas a várias bases, com o Sped não funciona assim. O fisco quer unificar as informações para poder, a partir daí, cruzar as informações e intensificar a fiscalização. Já temos o Sped Fiscal, o Sped Contábil e, agora, o eSocial com as relações interpessoais”, explicou Donin.

Segundo dados do palestrante, o Ministério do Trabalho e Previdência Social (MTPS) só tem capacidade para fiscalizar 3% das empresas. “Agora com o eSocial, o MTPS vai checar o envio dos dados e verificar as informações que possam gerar dúvidas para realizar uma fiscalização mais certeira. O outros 97% vão ser fiscalizados eletronicamente”, disse.

Na avaliação de Donin, dentro da estrutura do Sped o eSocial é o mais complexo, pois possui entregas diárias, validações individuais e cronológicas. “O conteúdo deve ser consistente; não pode ser enviada informação sem documentação, pois se faltar, volta; é como se não tivesse entregue. E as validações cronológicas são pré-requisitos de outros registros enviados previamente. É preciso ter esse acompanhamento e esse controle”, expôs, acrescentando que as entregas diárias  referem-se às transmissões de informações com prazos legais diferentes, a exemplo da admissão e da comunicação de acidente de trabalho.

As informações que estarão no eSocial são o cadastro de funcionários e seus registros; as tabelas de proventos, descontos, departamentos, unidades, horários e cargos, dentre outras; números de admissões, rescisões, férias, licenças e retenções do INSS; além de informações sobre processos judiciais trabalhistas. “O eSocial não altera a legislação, mas exige que ela seja cumprida”, ressaltou.

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Para as Micro e Pequenas Empresas, Donin apontou como desafios a mudança da cultura do empresário, a redução da informalidade de funcionários, a adequação de sistemas, a capacitação dos fornecedores de serviços e o uso de internet de boa qualidade. “Se a internet cair e não for transmitido o eSocial, a consequência será a multa”, observou. Em relação ao MEI, ainda não há previsão de inserção na sistemática, mas o especialista acredita que será obrigatório em julho de 2018.

Donin falou, ainda, sobre a necessidade de se definir os limites entre as responsabilidades que serão atribuídas às empresas e aos contadores, uma vez que ao assinar digitalmente o envio, as consequências recairão sobre quem validou. “Vamos imaginar que a empresa não tenha PPP, o que é obrigatório por lei. No eSocial, terá um campo para preencher sobre isso e você informa que a empresa não possui. Pronto! Você acabou de fazer uma confissão e, com a fiscalização cruzada, a empresa pode ser autuada. De quem será a responsabilidade? Da empresa que não fez o PPP ou do profissional que informou? Nós precisamos avaliar quais informações iremos assinar pelo cliente”, ponderou.

No tocante à geração de tributos, o próprio sistema irá calcular a guia e a incidência fiscal. Não será possível gerar guia de forma avulsa. A sistemática prevê a possibilidades retificar (é preciso ter cuidado, pois a retificação pode ter reflexo em outro registro, além de ter um custo alto para a empresa e para o escritório de contabilidade), alterar (mudar informação que era correta em determinado período e que sofreu alteração ao longo do tempo) e excluir (deixar sem efeito jurídico um evento enviado anteriormente).

O presidente da Fecomércio, Wilton Malta, agradeceu a confiança dos participantes e se disse preocupado com as perspectivas da implementação. “Pelo que pude ver nesta noite, o eSocial exige seriedade, pois se a empresa não estiver preparada, pode ter consequências preocupantes, como as multas. Peço a vocês, profissionais de contabilidade, que cobrem das empresas a estruturação adequada”, falou.

Ao final da palestra, houve sorteio de três certificados digital versão Mobile ID; um final de semana com direito a acompanhante no Sesc Guaxuma; e uma bolsa integral do Curso de Excel Básico e Intermediário do Senac. Prestigiaram o evento presidente do Conselho Regional de Contabilidade de Alagoas (CRC AL), Paulo Sérgio Braga; o presidente do Sindicato das Empresas de Serviços Contábeis, Assessoramento, Perícias, Informações e Pesquisa do Estado de Alagoas (Sescap AL), Carlos Henrique do Nascimento; e os diretores regionais do Sesc, Willys Albuquerque, e Senac, Telma Ribeiro.

O projeto “Contador parceiro da Fecomércio” conta com o apoio do Sesc, do Senac e do Sindilojas Arapiraca. A última palestra da programação inicial acontecerá hoje à noite (25), às 19h, em Arapiraca, no teatro do Sesc.

Fonte:Tribuna Hoje
Data: 25 de janeiro de 2017
Acesso: 27 de janeiro de 2017

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